Banja Luka, is the second largest city in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Traditionally it has been the centre of the Bosanska Krajina region, located in the north-western part of the country.
It is home of the city University, as well as numerous state and entity institutions of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The city lies on the Vrbas river and is well known in the countries of the Former Yugoslavia for being full of tree-lined avenues, boulevards, gardens, and parks.
The area around the city is mostly woodland, although there are mountains a little further away.
The city itself is built in the Vrbas valley, which is located at the transition between high and low mountain areas.
The most notable of these mountains are Manjača (1,214 meters), Čemernica (1,338 meters), and Tisovac. These are all part of the Dinaric Alps mountain range.